Posted on Wednesday, May 25, 2011 • Category: Power Supplies
This is high current 12V power supply. Power supply uses LM7812 IC and can deliver up to 30A to the load by the help of the TIP2955 pass transistors. Each transistor can handle up to 5A and six of them result an total output current of 30A. You can increase or reduce the number of TIP2955s to get higher or lower current outputs.
In this design the IC delivers about 800mA. A 1 amp fuse is connected after the LM7812 to protect the IC against high current transients.
The transistors and the 12V regulator IC both require adequate heatsinking. When the load current is high, the power dissipation of each transistor also increases so excess heat may cause the transistors to fail. Then you will need a very large heatsink or fan cooling.
100Ω resistors are used for stability and prevent current swamping as the tolerances of dc current gain will be different for each transistor.
The bridge rectifier diodes must be capable of passing at least 100 amps.
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