Circuit-Zone.com - Electronic Projects
Posted on Sunday, May 13, 2012 • Category: Power Supplies
This is a basic universal variable Power Supply voltage regulator circuit using an LM317, 3-terminal regulator in a TO-220package. The Universal Power Supply output voltage can be set to anywhere in the range 1.5V to 30V by selecting two resistances. By using a potentiometer, R2, as one of the resistors you can dial up the output voltage wanted. Either AC or DC input can be supplied to the PCB via a socket or terminal block. Connection can be either way around. This is because we have provided a bridge rectifier on board. The input DC voltage to the regulator must be at least 2.5V above the required output voltage. An off/on switch is provided.
For many applications (say 12V at 60mA) a heat sink will not be necessary. The LM317 will provide slightly higher output voltages than 30 volts. However, for most hobbyists over 30V will not be needed. So to make a small PCB we have used some electrolytic capacitors rated to 35 volts. To be safe for continuous operation the maximun input DC voltage to the regulator should not be over 33V. With a 2.5V to 3.0V drop across the regulator this will give a regulated output of 30V. You can draw up to 1.5A from the LM317. If you need higher then use an LM338T rated to 5A.
Posted on Tuesday, May 8, 2012 • Category: Amplifiers
I'm not sure what motivated me to decide on building a high-gain tube preamp of this sort. Maybe it was the tube computer sound card idea I have seen, or the fact that I have enough junk to fill a dump truck. What ever it was, it all started with a cute little plastic Hammond enclosure that had been on my shelf for a couple of years. I originally thought I might use it for a tube headphone amp, but in the end realized there would not be enough space for the three tubes needed to make a head amp. This is a high gain preamplifier that is suitable for use where a lot of gain is required - to drive a power amplifier that needs plenty of gain or perhaps for use with instruments, like a guitar or microphone. If you need less gain, take a look at the RCA 12AU7 / ECC82 Cathode Follower Tube Preamp Schematic which has a gain of about 8.
Posted on Wednesday, May 2, 2012 • Category: FM Transmitters
This is the schematic for an FM transmitter with 3 to 3.5 W output power that can be used between 90 and 110 MHz. Stability of this transmitter is not bad and PLL circuit can be added on.
This is a circuit that I've build a few years ago for a friend, who used it in combination with the BLY88 amplifier to obtain 20 W output power. From the notes that I made at the original schematic, it worked fine with a SWR of 1 : 1.05 (quite normal at my place with my antenna).
Posted on Friday, April 27, 2012 • Category: Headphone Amplifiers
This is simple to build audiophile class-A tube headphone amplifier. It is based around 12AU7 / ECC82 audiophile vacuum tube that provides warm, rich and smooth sound expected from audiophile amplifiers. The 12AU7 (ECC82) is a Twin Triode vacuum tube, it is very popular in the audio world because it is rather rugged and can be operated at lower voltages. Headphone amplifier and 12AU7 tube is powered by just 12V DC voltage. This is great news for those new to vacuum tubes that want experience and learn more about them. Typically vacuum tubes operate at high and dangerous voltages so you must have some experience and know what you are doing. On the other hand this headphone amplifier operates at low 12V voltage so it is safe to build and experiment.
Posted on Monday, April 16, 2012 • Category: Headphone Amplifiers
Simple Hybrid Headphone Amplifier DIY Audio Project. Rogers has put together a very simple hybrid headphone amplifier. The head amp uses a 12AU7/ECC82 vacuum tube for voltage gain stage and a IRF612 MOSFET follower biased in Class A with a passive CCS. What is nice about the project is that both the tube and MOSFET operate off of a 24V external switch mode power supply. Read on for more details about 12AU7 Tube / IRF610 MOSFET Hybrid Headphone Amplifier.
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