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Electronic Thermometer using LM35
Posted on Friday, May 20, 2011   •   Category: Sensors

As shown in the schematic, temperature sensor of our electronic thermometer is LM35DZ. There are some kinds of LM35 IC, since it is cheap and easy to find we used LM35DZ in our project. It measures from 0C to 100C with a very linear output graph.For one degree change, it increases its output 10mV. On the Electronic Thermometer Schematic other hand, this circuit measures temperature values only between +10C and +39C. 2 numbered (middle) pin of the sensor is connected to the 5 numbered pins of LM3914 ICs. So every IC determines how many leds of bargraph will bright due to the analog signal received from the sensor. 2.2 microfarad tantal capacitors are connected between the 2 and 3 numbered pins of LM3914. Resistors in the circuit have %1 tolerance values.

LM386 Audio Amplifier
Posted on Thursday, May 19, 2011   •   Category: Amplifiers

This project shows how to build an Audio amplifier based on LM386 IC. The circuit is very simple and construction is easy on a breadboard. The LM386 IC is unique in that the gain can be modified by changing Resistor R2 and Capacitor C2. This configuration will give us a gain of 20. By removing R2 and connecting C2 across pins 1 and 8, we can increase the gain to 200. It is important to understand that increasing the gain does not increase the output power. The increased gain is only used when a very low input signal is to be amplified. In a previous article I discussed building audio amplifiers using discrete transistors. While it is possible to build good audio amplifiers from discrete transistors, they are no match for the many audio amp IC's available to us. IC's offer many advantages including high efficiency, high gain, low standby current, low component count, small size and ,of course, low cost. It is little wonder that audio amp IC's have replaced discrete transistors in most consumer electronic devices. While many experimenters have stayed away from these little black mysteries, I am going to uncover some of their secrets and demonstrate how easy they are to use.

LM4780 Power Amplifier
Posted on Thursday, May 19, 2011   •   Category: Amplifiers

Having decided to build an ultra-compact design, using a spare LM4780 seemed like an obvious plan. Having said that, I might choose a different IC if I didn't already have one to hand. The LM4780 contains two LM3886 dies (reference) giving 60 watts per channel, which is rather more than required this application. National Semiconductor make an enormous range of IC's with differing power levels and configurations, and there are plenty of possible candidates for this application - after all, we only need a few watts as this amplifier will principally be driving small speakers on the computer desk.

Posted on Wednesday, May 18, 2011   •   Category: LED

The USB-LED-Fader is a device to control a number of LEDs via USB. I built it to display the online status of my internet connection, the recording status of my video recorder (VDR), and warnings if the available disk-space is low. You can imagine an endless number of applications for this. The LEDs are controlled with pulse width modulation (PWM). That way, they are not only on or off, it is possible to control the brightness. Included in the device are a number of 'waveforms' that can be displayed through the LEDs. That way, one LED can display some kind of a sine- or triangular wave without any interaction with the controlling host. Every LED can be controlled individually; each one can display its own waveforms.

Special Edition Accurate LC Meter Kit
Posted on Wednesday, May 18, 2011   •   Category: Test and Measurement

Build your own Special Edition Accurate LC Meter (Inductance Meter / Capacitance Meter) and start making custom made precision coils and inductors. Accurate LC Meter allows to measure incredibly small inductance making it perfect tool for making all types of RF coils and inductors. It can measure inductance starting from only 10nH - 1000nH, 1uH - 1000uH, 1mH up to 100mH and capacitance from 0.1pF up to 900nF.

Special Edition LC Meter includes top notch high precision components that are only found in premium quality kits. It includes high quality double-sided printed circuit board (PCB) with red solder mask and pre-soldered tracks for easier soldering, detachable LCD display with yellow-green LED backlight, programmed PIC16F628A microcontroller chip, high precision capacitors and inductor, 1% Metal Film resistors, Machined IC Sockets, gold plated header pins, LCD header connectors and all the other components that are needed to build a premium quality kit. Thanks to the use of LCD connectors LCD display can be detached from the main PCB board at any time even after the kit has been assembled. All components are through-hole and are easy to solder. Special Edition Accurate LC Meter is designed for professionals that require unprecedented measurement accuracy and offers great value at low cost.

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